Networks of spiking neurons: a review of tools and strategies (Brette et al. 2007)

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This package provides a series of codes that simulate networks of spiking neurons (excitatory and inhibitory, integrate-and-fire or Hodgkin-Huxley type, current-based or conductance-based synapses; some of them are event-based). The same networks are implemented in different simulators (NEURON, GENESIS, NEST, NCS, CSIM, XPP, SPLIT, MVAspike; there is also a couple of implementations in SciLab and C++). The codes included in this package are benchmark simulations; see the associated review paper (Brette et al. 2007). The main goal is to provide a series of benchmark simulations of networks of spiking neurons, and demonstrate how these are implemented in the different simulators overviewed in the paper. See also details in the enclosed file Appendix2.pdf, which describes these different benchmarks. Some of these benchmarks were based on the Vogels-Abbott model (Vogels TP and Abbott LF 2005).
1 . Vogels TP, Abbott LF (2005) Signal propagation and logic gating in networks of integrate-and-fire neurons. J Neurosci 25:10786-95 [PubMed]
2 . Brette R, Rudolph M, Carnevale T, Hines M, Beeman D, Bower JM, Diesmann M, Morrison A, Goodman PH, Harris FC, Zirpe M, Natschläger T, Pecevski D, Ermentrout B, Djurfeldt M, Lansner A, Rochel O, Vieville T, Muller E, Davison AP, El Boustani S, Destexhe A (2007) Simulation of networks of spiking neurons: a review of tools and strategies. J Comput Neurosci 23:349-98 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Realistic Network;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s): Abstract integrate-and-fire leaky neuron;
Gap Junctions:
Simulation Environment: NEURON; GENESIS; NEST; C or C++ program; XPP; CSIM; NCS; SPLIT; MVASpike; SciLab; Brian; PyNN; Python;
Model Concept(s): Activity Patterns; Methods;
Implementer(s): Carnevale, Ted [Ted.Carnevale at]; Hines, Michael [Michael.Hines at]; Davison, Andrew [Andrew.Davison at]; Destexhe, Alain [Destexhe at]; Ermentrout, Bard []; Brette R; Bower, James; Beeman, Dave; Diesmann M; Morrison A ; Goodman PH; Harris Jr, FC; Zirpe M ; Natschlager T ; Pecevski D ; Djurfeldt M; Lansner, Anders [ala at]; Rochel O ; Vieville T ; Muller E ; El Boustani, Sami [elboustani at]; Rudolph M ;
// cell.p - Cell parameter file used in the simplecell tutorial

//	Format of file :
// x,y,z,dia are in microns, all other units are SI (Meter Kilogram Sec Amp)
// In polar mode 'r' is in microns, theta and phi in degrees 
// readcell options start with a '*'
// The format for each compartment parameter line is :
//name	parent	r	theta	phi	d	ch	dens ...
//in polar mode, and in cartesian mode :
//name	parent	x	y	z	d	ch	dens ...
// For channels, "dens" =  maximum conductance per unit area of compartment
// For spike elements, "dens" is the spike threshold
//		Coordinate mode

//		Specifying constants  -- SI units
*set_compt_param	RM	2
*set_compt_param	RA	0.3
*set_compt_param	CM	0.01
*set_compt_param     EREST_ACT	-0.065

// soma  diameter was chosen to have an area of 20000 um.
soma none 79.7885  0  0  79.7885  \
    Na_traub_mod 1000.0 K_traub_mod 300.0 \
    Ex_channel -6e-9 Inh_channel -67e-9 spike 0.0

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