NetPyNE implementation of the Potjans and Diesmann cortical microcircuit (PDCM) model with scaling option
This code reproduces the simulations for the following paper:
Cecilia Romaro, Fernando Araujo Najman, William W. Lytton, Antonio C. Roque, Salvador Dura-Bernal. NetPyNE Implementation and Scaling of the Potjans-Diesmann Cortical Microcircuit Model. Neural Comput 2021; 33 (7): 1993–2032. doi: https://doi.org/10.1162/neco_a_01400
The Potjans-Diesmann cortical microcircuit model is a widely used model originally implemented in NEST. Here, we reimplemented the model using NetPyNE, a high-level Python interface to the NEURON simulator, and reproduced the findings of the original publication. We also implemented a method for scaling the network size that preserves first- and second-order statistics, building on existing work on network theory. Our new implementation enabled the use of more detailed neuron models with multicompartmental morphologies and multiple biophysically realistic ion channels. This opens the model to new research, including the study of dendritic processing, the influence of individual channel parameters, the relation to local field potentials, and other multiscale interactions. The scaling method we used provides flexibility to increase or decrease the network size as needed when running these CPU-intensive detailed simulations. Finally, NetPyNE facilitates modifying or extending the model using its declarative language; optimizing model parameters; running efficient, large-scale parallelized simulations; and analyzing the model through built-in methods, including local field potential calculation and information flow measures.
The code requires NEURON (> v7.8) and Python (>v3.5) and has been tested on Linux machines (CentOS and Ubuntu) and Mac OS X. To run the model follow these steps:
List of files:
To run the multicompartment neuron version of the network use the files in the /multicompartment folder. The running instructions and file description is the same as above, except that you need to compile the mod folder via nrnivmodl mod.
The model is also available in Github: https://github.com/suny-downstate-medical-center/PDCM_NetPyNE ; and the multicompartment version is available in the "multicompartment" branch: https://github.com/suny-downstate-medical-center/PDCM_NetPyNE/tree/multicompartment
For any questions or further assistance please contact: salvadordura at gmail.com